With the end of the school year parents are beginning to make summer plans. Families will soon be heading outside to enjoy summer activities. Texas Children’s Hospital offers some important tips on keeping families safe wherever they go this summer.

• Sun safety

• The first and best line of defense against the sun is covering up.

• Wear a hat with a three-inch brim or a bill facing forward.

• Use sunglasses that block 99 to 100 percent of UV rays.

• Wear cotton clothing with a light weave.

• Use sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or greater whenever your child is in the sun.

• Apply sunscreen at least 30 minutes before going outside.

• Re-apply sunscreen every two to three hours and after your child has been sweating or swimming.

• Apply waterproof sunscreen if your child will be around water or will go swimming. Waterproof sunscreens may last up to 80 minutes in the water. Re-apply when your child comes out of the water.

• You should avoid sun exposure during peak hours of 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

• Drink lots of water to stay hydrated.

• Playground safety

• Playground equipment is usually separated for younger and older children. Keep your child on the equipment that is right for his or her age and height.

• Make sure equipment is dry. Wet surfaces can make your child slip and fall.

• Have your child wear shoes on the playground and make sure they are tied.

• Don’t let children play barefoot on the playground. They could get a splinter or a cut.

• Only one person should be on the slide at one time.